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Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in Bangalore


Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

Pediatric Intensive Care Units at Rainbow Hospitals offer highly specialized care to critically ill children and neonates. Equipped with the state of the art facilities and highly specialized staff, the PICU at Rainbow Hospitals, Bangalore is one of the best in the country. The PICU offers the highest level of intensive medical care for children with acute illness.

  • The Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) is a multidisciplinary unit, equipped with advanced technology and provides personalized care for infants, children and adolescents who become critically ill or injured.

    Our Physicians and team of allied medical professionals are highly knowledgeable and well trained to handle emergencies and provide the best possible outcomes from critical illness and injury. The PICU team of doctors, nurses and para medical staff work towards improving survival rates, speedy recovery while ensuring the child is relieved of pain and discomfort.

    Clinical Expertise

    The team at PICU consists of paediatric specialists covering over sub specialties such as – emergency medicine, anaesthesia, neurology, nephrology, haematology, oncology, gastroenterology, hepatology, and neurosurgery amongst others. The staff is available around the clock on rotation basis to provide the highest standards of care.

    The unit is also staffed with well trained, skilled and experienced nurses. They form the backbone of our services. The PICU team is equipped with extensive knowledge and skill besides vast amount of experience to handle the most critical of illnesses or injury.


    PICU at Rainbow Hospitals, Bangalore is equipped with a wide range of state-of-the-art facilities to ensure the critical care & injuries. The PICU delivers the highest levels of quality & safety standards in the country.

    The ICU’s across our hospitals have special air handling units and HEPA filters to provide bacteria-free air circulation, while an infection control team proactively implements infection-free protocols.

    Rainbow Hospitals, Bangalore deploys state-of-the-art equipment for the continuous monitoring and management of critically ill children. Some of these facilities include – the latest multi-channel cardiac monitors, in-house 2D echo and ultrasound machines, intracranial pressure monitoring equipment, continuous EEG monitoring facilities, and haemodialysis machines amongst others. The PICU also houses the latest-generation ventilators, high frequency oscillators and nitric oxide delivery units.

    Allied Specialities

    Conditions that we treat include but not limited to Asthma, Blood cancers and other childhood cancers, Bronchitis, Blood disorders, Kidney failure, Liver Failure, Pulmonary Hypertention, Acture or chronic infections and sepsis, gastroenterology conditions, neurological disorders, etc.The Paediatric Intensive Care Unitsat Rainbow Hospitals, Bangaloreworks closely with various sub-specialities such as

    Paediatric Neurology

    This speciality provides acute critical care for children with complex neurological problems. State-of-the-art facilities for neurological patients,such as Intra cranial pressure monitoring and continuous video EEG monitoring, ensure the highest standards of care while a team of highly qualified Paediatric Neurologists and Neurosurgeons work round-the-clock to meet all contingencies.

    Paediatric Nephrology

    Kidney related problems are often detected in children in critical condition. At times, children develop serious kidney disorders requiring advanced medical intervention. Rainbow’s Paediatric Nephrology department seeks to provide the best care to all nephrology conditions.

    Paediatric Haematology and Oncology

    The Paediatric Haematology & Oncology works with the specialists in PICU to provide specialised care for children with various blood related disorders & cancers.

    Paediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology

    Children with liver & gastrointestinal disorders are treated by the specialists from gastroenterology &hepatology department. PICU works closely with these specialists to offer clinical nutrition including Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) for children who are on long term intravenous fluids.

    Paediatric Surgery

    Rainbow Hospitals houses a dedicated team of expert paediatric surgeons alongside paediatric anaesthesiologists and intensivists to undertake complex surgeries. Surgeries are required for a wide range of conditions and Rainbow offers specialized surgical and post-surgical care.

    Paediatric Emergency Transport

    Transportation of critically ill children requires specialized vehicles & facilities. Rainbow Hospitals provides transport that includes mechanical ventilation, temperature regulation and vital functions monitoring to ensure that critically ill children receive the first level of intervention enroute to the hospital.

    Milestones & Achievements

    The PICU at Rainbow Hospitals Group has several achievements to its credit and pioneered various critical care treatments for children. Some of the finest achievements at Rainbow Hospitals have been enumerated below:

    • The largest series of paediatric patients receiving High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation in India..
    • PICU takes care of over 15,000 inpatient admissions each year and over 1200 neonates and children are ventilated annually
    • More than 200 neonates with birth weight 1000 grams have survived, which is highest in country.
    • We have robust academic programs in place for training of Paediatric Critical Care Fellows and DNB (Paediatrics) candidates
    • Our state-of-the-art video conferencing and online library facilities contribute immensely for research and education.

    Rainbow’s Emergency and transport team conducts around 3000 transports every year and covers around 500 km of radius.

  • What to expect when your child is admitted in our PICU??

    Children admitted to PICU are often more critical than those in the other wards, however, this may not always be true and the admission to PICU can be strictly for better monitoring and extra care. You will be required to periodically take an update from your treating consultant and take extra precautions to ensure hygiene & cleanliness when you handle the child.

    How to secure period updates on the health of the child?

    Your treatment consultant will provide you with regular and timely updates on the condition of your child. You may speak to the senior doctors on the progress or future course of treatment.

    How long will by child have to stay in PICU?

    If your child underwent a major surgery it will be cared for in the PICU for several days depending on how well it is recovering. After a surgery the child may be cared for in the Hospital’s medical – surgical floors and might be transferred to PICU only if required. How long the children stay in the PICU largely depends on their condition – some might stay for a single day while others might need longer duration of care in PICU. We always encourage you to ask the attending PICU Specialist or Nurse caring for your child if you have any questions about the child’s condition, treatment procedure, how it is recovering, about discharge procedure and formalities, post-discharge care and follow up health check-ups.

    What should you or your child expect while being in the PICU?

    Your child will find itself surrounded by various medical equipments that are attached to it. This includes

    • IV (Intravenous Catheter)- For administering fluids and medications. An IV is a thin, flexible tube inserted into the vein of feet, leg, hands or arms, with the help of small needle. Some situation might require greater volumes of fluids and medication and these would require insertion of a central line which is larger IVs that are inserted into the larger and more central veins of the chest, neck or groin.
    • Medications
    • Monitors - Your child many be attached to machines that monitors it heart rate and breathing rate.
    • Tests – Your child’s doctor might order for several tests that helps him evaluate and monitor your child’s condition and plan the course of treatment accordingly. This could be in the form of blood tests, urine tests, X-rays, Ultrasound, Computed Tomography or CT scans, MRI, etc.
    • Oxygen Masks & Ventilators - Your child might require extra assistance to breathe and hence the doctor might suggest the use of oxygen mask on the face or tubing in the nose. But in some situations, your child would be needed to be connected to the ventilator. This is done via a plastic tube placed into the windpipe through the mouse or nose.

    Who takes care of my child in the PICU?

    Your child will be cared by a Pediatric Intensivist who underwent a fellowhowship training in Intensive care after his medical school and residency. Your child will also be attended by specialists which includes Anesthesiologists, Surgeons, Nutritionists, Neurologists, Pulmonologists, Oncologist, Gastroenterologists, Heaptologists, etc depending upon for what condition it is being treated for. The nurses who work in the PICU are highly trained and experienced in caring for child undergoing complex treatment procedures.