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Pediatric Neurology

Pediatric Neurology

Pediatric Neurology refers to a specialized branch of medicine that deals with clinically evaluating and managing
complex neurological cases, and disorders of the nervous system in neonates, infants, children, and adolescents. Neurological issues can be crippling, if left undiagnosed.

At Rainbow Children’s Hospital, we provide comprehensive care to children with developmental, behavioural, and neurological problems and is supported by our highly-experienced team for pediatric neurology, allied services, and neurorehabilitation. In extremely rare cases, neurosurgery may be performed to keep the child away from danger.

Our team of neurologists specializes in providing accurate diagnosis and suitable treatment for neurological disorders like Childhood Epilepsy , Febrile Seizures, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Muscle problems like Muscular Neuropathy or Dystrophy, Behavioral disorders like Tics, ADHD, Sleep Problems, Headaches including Concussions and Migraines, Cerebral Palsy, Delayed Motor Milestones and Delayed Speech, interventional procedures and treatment of large number of super refractory status epilepticus managed with inhalational anaesthetic agents.

The Pediatric neurology department deals with the following conditions:

- Childhood epilepsy
- Febrile seizures
- Autism spectrum disorders
- Muscle problems like muscular neuropathy or dystrophy
- Behavioural disorders like tics, ADHD, sleep problems
- Headaches including concussions and migraines
- Intellectual disability
- Developmental disorders like coordination issues, cerebral palsy, delayed motor milestones, and delayed speech
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
- Stroke
- Congenital malformations affecting the nervous system
- Congenital birth defects affecting the spinal cord & the brain like spina bifida
- Brain tumors
- Inflammation or infections of the brain
- Autoimmune problems like multiple sclerosis
- Genetic conditions affecting the nervous system
- Abnormal mental development, learning disabilities, & speech disabilities
- Head injuries & the complications they accompany
- Palliative and hospice medicine
- Hydrocephalus (fluid build-up in the brain)
- Vascular neurology

Key Highlights




Recurrent Wheezing in Children

Dr. Aparna


Banjara Hills


Kidney Transplants in Children

Dr Mainak Deb

Consultant Pediatric surgeon, Pediatric Urologist and Pediatric Renal Transplant Surgeon

Bannerghatta Road, Bengaluru, Bannerghatta, Banjara Hills


Pediatric pancreatitis: What is it and how is it treated?

Dr. Lavanya Kannaiyan

Pediatric Urologist & Pediatric Surgeon

Rainbow Children's Hospital, Banjara Hills



Cerebral Palsy in Neonates

Andhra Jyothi


Children with Congenital Heart Disease

Hyderabad Times


Leading Pediatric Neurology Hospitals



In Which centers, Rainbow has pediatric neurology?

Rainbow Children’s Hospitals is one of the leading children’s hospitals in India and offers the best pediatric neurology treatment services in its healthcare facilities in Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Vizag and Vijayawada.

Why Choose Rainbow Children’s Hospital for pediatric neurology?

Rainbow Children’s Hospital has an exclusive team of pediatric neurologists, child development specialists, behavioral therapists, and special educators who are specially trained to treat children with speech disorders, autism spectrum disorders, behavioral disorders, and other pediatric neurological problems. Their extensive track record of treating and helping children successfully overcome neurological problems shows they are one of the best and stand out when it comes to treating pediatric neurological problems in children.

What are the most complicated neurological conditions that require neurosurgery?

The most complicated neurosurgeries are:

Brain tumor surgery - This includes diagnosis, neurology, neuro-oncology, neurosurgery, and neuropsychology.

Craniofacial abnormalities - This includes abnormalities of facial or head bones, general present at birth. In such cases, pediatric neurosurgeons have to work with pediatric plastic and craniofacial surgeons for correcting issues that might be affecting the growth and development of your child.

Hydrocephalus - Some kids are born with extra fluid around or inside the brain. This condition is known as hydrocephalus. This extra fluid increases the pressure inside the head of the baby. Neonatal specialists and pediatric neurosurgeons work together can treat this condition. Hydrocephalus can be congenital, occur at birth or develop later. Our pediatric doctors will create a personalized treatment for your child depending on his/her condition.

Trauma - Children who have been in accidents can have spinal cord or acute brain trauma. This also includes chronic neurological disorders caused by major trauma.

Pediatric epilepsy - This includes surgical and medical solutions for diagnosing and treating seizure disorders and other associated syndromes.

Neonatal neurosurgery and neurology - This includes complicated brain disorders in newborns like periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) and intraventricular hemorrhage in babies. These serious disorders occur when there is softening and bleeding in brain tissue. Treatment of this requires expert care by neonatal specialists and pediatric neurosurgeons.

Spasticity management - This is a condition in which the muscles get contracted continuously. This results in tightness and stiffness of the muscles that cause interference with normal speech, movement, and gait. It is usually caused by damage to the part of the spinal cord or brain controlling the voluntary movement. Through a combination of medical, surgical and therapeutic treatment, a patient can get treatment for spasticity and other physical problems.

Spina Bifida - This is a birth defect that causes an incomplete closing of the spinal cord and the membranes surrounding it in the early months of pregnancy. They can be of three types: spina bifida myelomeningocele, meningocele, and the occulta. Pediatric neurosurgical specialists are needed for treating children with spina bifida, myelodysplasia, and other defects.

Vascular deformations - Arteriovenous malformation or AVM is the most common brain vascular malformation. The vascular system is responsible for carrying the blood throughout your body through veins, capillaries, and arteries. If there is any vascular irregularity and malformation in the brain, it can create a risk of intracerebral hemorrhage or stroke. Also, blood vessels start to grow unusually and start becoming more visible. These are called birthmarks, port wine stains, or hemangiomas. These marks can disappear or shrink after the child turns 5. However, if necessary, you can try some surgical options.

Minimally invasive surgery - This type of surgery leads to less pain, short stay, and less traumatic surgery. Therefore it is better than traditional surgery.

Who all are involved in pediatric care?

For the best pediatric care for your child, there will be a number of consultants and specialists involved. This includes experts in neurosurgery, neuro-oncology, and physiatry. They work closely with ENT specialists, pediatric dentists, plastic surgeons, and physical therapists. Pediatric neurosurgeries are complicated procedures and it is best to take care of all the fronts to avoid any complications.

What can I do as a parent to help my kid feel comfortable with neurosurgery?

You can try getting your kid a private room in the PEdiatric ICU. This will ensure their and their families’ privacy and comfort. The hospital should have common rooms and waiting rooms designed to be kid-friendly. As a parent, you should have no doubts regarding the neurosurgery. Ask every query, no matter how small, to your pediatric neurosurgeon.

What is Pediatric Neurology?

Pediatric Neurology and Pediatric neurologist in Hyderabad deals with the treatment of children with issues pertaining to their nervous system. This is a very complicated field as the issues of nervous system can include brain, nerves, muscles, and spine. All these problems can lead to headaches, seizures, and developmental delays. It is the branch of medicine that includes the diagnosis as well as management of neurological conditions in infants, children, and teenagers. All the individuals in this age group suffering from diseases of the brain, spinal cord, autonomic nervous system, blood vessels, muscles, and peripheral nervous system fall under this field. A pediatric neurologist in Rainbow Hospital Hyderabad can explain you more about it.

What are the common conditions diagnosed and treated by pediatric neurologists?

A pediatric neurologist diagnoses and treats all neurological, developmental, and behavioral conditions that an infant, child or teenager can have. Some of the most common conditions include headache, stroke, seizures, autism, epilepsy, cerebral palsy, movement disorders, brain infection & inflammation, attention deficit disorder, multiple sclerosis, and traumatic brain injury. Neurologist in Rainbow Hospital Hyderabad can diagnose the conditions and you can be treated.

What should I expect during the neurological consultation of my child?

At the beginning of the neurological consultation session, the pediatric neurologist will start by taking all information on the medical history and neurological examination of the child. After understanding the symptoms, they will make a neurological evaluation. Once the doctor has the complete medical history of the child, they will need information on the present illness, the chief complaint, developmental history of the child, motor skills, social, personal, and social history, and family history. For the neurological examination, a pediatric neurologist near you can suggest any of the following:

Mental status exam
Examination of the motor system for checking reflexes
Cranial nerve examination
Primary and cortical sensory examination
Test for checking coordination

After all the tests have been conducted, the doctor will review the test results and have a discussion with the parents regarding the findings and recommendations. If during the initial neurological examination, the doctor finds something concerning, then one of the following testing methods will be suggested:

Wide Range Achievement Test IV
Integrated Visual and Auditory Continuous Performance Test
Neurocognitive testing (includes assessment of memory, attention, knowledge, reason, judgement, and visual skills)

The above-mentioned tests are used for determining the appropriate place for completing the needs of your child. Also, the doctor and the parents will have to make decisions regarding proper patient management, child’s medical and educational needs, etc. It is important for your child’s neurological health that you commit to the right neurological consultation.

What are the different exams taken for diagnosing pediatric neurology conditions?

In Pediatric neurology, for making a diagnosis, there are certain medical exams taken. These include:

CT scan or MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
These are the imaging tests used for taking pictures of the spine and brain. They are used to look for signs of stroke, brain tumor, multiple sclerosis, infection, genetic conditions, etc.

EEG (Electroencephalogram)
This is a test in which the electrical activity of the brain is monitored. Used for conditions like seizures, this test is used to ensure that the electrical activity in your child’s brain is normal for their age.

Blood tests
This includes basic test to look for signs of infection or any electrolyte changes. If you are looking for genetic tests for a particular disorder, the testing can be a bit complicated.

Spinal tap or Lumbar puncture
In this test, a sample of spinal fluid is taken by inserting a needle in the lower back. The spinal fluid surrounds the spinal cord and the brain. It is used to look for signs of inflammation and infection.