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Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery

Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery

Pediatric Cardiology is associated with the identification and management of cardiac ailments in infants and younger children. A child with a cardiac disease can experience symptoms like rapid heart, rapid breathing, swelling in legs or bloated stomach, shortness of breath, cyanosis, which, if not identified and treated on time can progress to cardiac arrest.

Rheumatic Heart Disease, Kawasaki Disease, Arrhythmias, Atrial & Ventricular Septal defects, Pulmonary Atresia, and Ebstein's abnormality are the most common heart problems observed in children. Congenital heart problems are generally treated with advanced cardiology treatments like catheterization, interventional cardiology, pulmonary valve perforation, stenting of PDA and balloon dilation of blocked valves.

At Rainbow Children's Heart Institute our Advanced Congenital Cardiovascular Care Unit, Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit are equipped to provide consistent attention to both in-patients and out-patients and offers 24/7 comprehensive care for congenital and critical heart ailments in infants & younger children. Our highly experienced team of cardiac specialists are experts in carrying out treatments like Neonatal Valvotomy, stenting of the duct, closure of the abnormal vessel (Coronary AV Fistula, Collaterals) and hybrid processes like Per-Ventricular Device Closure. Fetal Cardiac Interventions and have performed innumerable surgeries with over 750 successful cardiac surgeries and over 700 cardiac catheterization procedures in a span of 2 years which have helped save little hearts who were suffering in silence.

The following services are offered at the Rainbow Children’s Hospital:

- Arrhythmias
- Kawasaki disease
- Aortic aneurysm and dissection
- Marfan syndrome
- Pacemaker
- Aortic stenosis
- Chest pain
- Pulmonary stenosis
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Pulmonary atresia
- Pericarditis
- Atrial Septal Defect
- Cardiomyopathy
- Bacterial endocarditis
- Atrioventricular canal
- Patent ductus arteriosus
- Cholesterol
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Berlin heart
- Congenital heart disease
- Syncope
- Chest wall deformities
- Rheumatic heart disease
- Ventricular
- High blood pressure
- Heart murmurs
- Total anomalous pulmonary venous
- Coarctation of the aorta
- Truncus arteriosus
- Transposition of the great arteries
- Congestive heart failure
- Tricuspid atresia
- Hypoplastic left heart syndrome

Key Highlights




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Dr Mainak Deb

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Pediatric pancreatitis: What is it and how is it treated?

Dr. Lavanya Kannaiyan

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Cerebral Palsy in Neonates

Andhra Jyothi


Children with Congenital Heart Disease

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Leading Pediatric Cardiology & Cardiac Surgery Hospitals

Why Choose Rainbow Children’s Hospital for pediatric cardiology & Heart surgery?

Rainbow Children’s Heart Institute, the exclusive pediatric cardiology facility of Rainbow Children’s Hospital in Hyderabad has performed innumerable surgeries with over 750 successful pediatric cardiac surgeries and over 700 successful pediatric cardiac catheterization procedures in a span of 2 years which has helped save little hearts and gave them a new chance at life. Rainbow Children’s Hospital offers the best treatments at its healthcare units in the cities of Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Vizag and Vijayawada.

In Which centers Rainbow has pediatric cardiology?

Rainbow Children’s Heart Institute, is an exclusive pediatric cardiology center of Rainbow Children’s Hospital located in Hyderabad. It is currently one of India’s leading and best pediatric cardiology facilities known for its high success rates in pediatric heart surgery and post-operative recovery. Rainbow Children’s Hospital offers the best treatments at its healthcare units in the cities of Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Vizag, and Vijayawada.

Can a heart condition affect the learning capabilities and growth of my child?

Every child is different and so is every heart condition. The length to which the condition affects the child will depend on their general health and the treatment plan. In some cases, they will be able to resume their normal routine in no time, while in some others they will have to take caution. The aim of Rainbow Children’s Heart Institute, which is a pediatric cardiology hospital will help your child lead a productive life.

Will my child be able to pay and do the things he loves to do?

From our side, we will try to do anything and everything possible for getting them back to their normal life. However, there are some conditions and treatments that can limit the ability of your child. They won’t be able to participate in some physical activities and sports like before. The pediatric cardiologist will help you with the guidance for your child’s care.

What is the cause of a heart condition in a child?

There is not a single cause that can lead to your child’s heart condition. In fact, in many cases, the heart condition can occur when the woman is pregnant. There is a lot of research that has been conducted to look into the environmental and genetic risk factors as a cause for heart conditions in children. But right now, there is no way of knowing what might have caused the heart condition in your child.

What are the different types of heart conditions in children?

Heart conditions in children are very common. About 1 in every 10 to 12 children have a congenital heart defect. There are several conditions that come under congenital heart defects.

Pediatric Cardiologist at Rainbow Hospitals will be able to provide you more details on this. Some of them are mentioned below:

Great vessels or holes in one's heart - If your child has holes in their heart, it is inclusive of either Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD), Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA), and Atrial Septal Defect (ASD).

Child becoming a blue baby - This condition is called Cyanotic Heart Defect that falls under the category of Transposition that is TGA and Tetralogy of Fallot that is TOF.

Congenital narrowing of vessels and valves of the heart - This also includes congenital narrowing of the aortic and pulmonary valve.

About 30 percent of all congenital heart defects can be life-threatening to the child. So, it is important that proper attention is given to the child from the beginning

How are congenital heart diseases developed?

In most cases, the cause of congenital heart disease is unknown. It is possible that the condition was caused by a viral infection in the mother in the first few months of the pregnancy. This can lead to a serious heart condition. Also, the child’s heart might not develop properly.

Another probable factor for the congenital heart disease is heredity. In some conditions, where multiple body organs are affected like Mongolism and Down’s Syndrome, the heart can suffer too. There are some cases in which the mother took some drugs at the time of pregnancy that affects the heart’s development. Drinking alcohol can also harm the development of the heart. You can consult Pediatric Cardiologist at Rainbow Hospitals to more about the treatment.

What are some common symptoms of heart conditions in children?

Here are some common symptoms of pediatric heart conditions:

Difficulty in breathing and feeding
Excessive sweating
Improper growth
Lips, toes, and fingers start to turn blue
Infection frequency in the chest

Do children with heart conditions require special care?

Yes, children with heart conditions require medical care from their family and a team of trained medical personnel. This team can include pediatric cardiac surgeons, pediatric cardiologists, intensive care physicians, and nurses. Also, the child might have to be connected to special equipment.

Is surgery the only option for treating heart defects?

For most of the heart conditions, the child will have to go through an open-heart operation. However, thanks to the technological advancements in the field of cardiac catheterization, children with heart defects can be treated without an operation. The trauma of the procedure is reduced and the child can recover faster. The conditions that can be treated without an operation are Ventricular Septal Defects, Patent Ductus Arteriosus, and Atrial Septal Defect (ASD).

What will happen to my child after the surgery?

After the surgery, your child might be a little pale, puffy, or swollen. There will also be wires and tubes attached to your child including:

  • A breathing tube or an endotracheal tube that will be inserted in your child’s nose or mouth. The tube will be connected to a ventilator.
  • IV lines in the arms, hands, feet, scalp, or neck.
  • A larger IV in the central vein for delivering fluids, medications, and blood. It is placed in the neck or chest.
  • An arterial line for monitoring blood pressure and taking blood samples.
  • Chest tubes that are made of soft rubber and are attached to a suction canister or a bulb. These tubes are used for draining fluid and blood from the chest cavity.
  • Pacing wires onto the heart that exit the skin from the lower chest area. These are used for providing electrical stimulation to the heart.
  • EKG leads for monitoring the heart of the child continuously.
  • Catheter for draining urine from the bladder. Another tube named nasojejunal (NJ) or nasogastric (NG) will be used for providing liquid nutrition and draining fluid from the stomach.
  • NIRS probes on the back and forehead for measuring the blood flow to the vessels in the kidneys and the brain.
  • A pulse oximeter probe on the foot or hand for measuring the oxygen level.