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Pediatric Rheumatology

Pediatric Rheumatology

Pediatric Rheumatology deals with specialized diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune disorders including scleroderma, lupus, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, chronic vasculitis, post-infectious arthritis, and inflammatory disorders of the eye, muscle, and other organs conditions that affect children.

Issues regarding weakness, fatigue, poor appetite, loss of skills or function, and chronic musculoskeletal pain are also some of the conditions which are treatable with the right guidance from a Pediatric Rheumatologist.

At Rainbow Children’s Hospital our team of Pediatricians and Pediatric Rheumatologists offer comprehensive care for autoimmune conditions that are commonly affecting children.

At Rainbow Children's Hospital we provide the following services:
- Autoimmune disorders including scleroderma, lupus, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, chronic vasculitis, Kawasaki disease, post-infectious arthritis, and inflammatory disorders of the eye, muscle, and other organs
- Arthritis
- Possible inflammatory disease
- Issues regarding weakness, fatigue, poor appetite, loss of skills or function, and chronic musculoskeletal pain
- Unexplained symptoms of anemia, weight loss, rash, and joint swelling
- Evaluating prolonged fever

Key Highlights




Recurrent Wheezing in Children

Dr. Aparna


Banjara Hills


Kidney Transplants in Children

Dr Mainak Deb

Consultant Pediatric surgeon, Pediatric Urologist and Pediatric Renal Transplant Surgeon

Bannerghatta Road, Bengaluru, Bannerghatta, Banjara Hills


Pediatric pancreatitis: What is it and how is it treated?

Dr. Lavanya Kannaiyan

Pediatric Urologist & Pediatric Surgeon

Rainbow Children's Hospital, Banjara Hills



Cerebral Palsy in Neonates

Andhra Jyothi


Children with Congenital Heart Disease

Hyderabad Times


Available Locations

Why Choose Rainbow Children’s Hospital for pediatric rheumatology?

Rainbow Children’s Hospitals has one of the best teams of pediatricians and pediatric rheumatologists who provide extensive treatment for autoimmune diseases that frequently affect young patients. Some of the rheumatological and auto-immune conditions like chronic vasculitis, kawasaki disease, post-infectious arthritis, scleroderma, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus are are exclusive given treatment at the hospital.

In Which centers Rainbow has pediatric rheumatology?

Rainbow Children’s Hospitals in the cities of Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Vizag, and Vijayawada offer the best treatments for pediatric rheumatology.

What are the signs of juvenile arthritis?

One of the most common symptoms of juvenile arthritis is morning stiffness. In this, the child wakes up with stiff joints that improve after some physical activities. If the joint swelling lasts for more than 6 weeks, it can be a cause of concern. Some parents bring videos of their kids walking indifferently to help the doctors get the best idea.

Is there any weather or a recreational event that can trigger a flare-up?

The best season for children with arthritis is summer. Colder weather can hurt their joints more. It might not increase inflammation, but colder temperature will definitely increase joint pain. It is advised that children with arthritis should remain active. However, some sports can be too intense for them. A good example of physical activity for them is swimming as it helps develop the core strength without any significant weight bearing.

What are the treatment options for rheumatoid arthritis?

There are medications available for reducing symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and treating inflammation. The first line of treatment is the disease modifying antirheumatic drugs. However, if the joints are misshapen, too stiff, and painful to use, surgery might be the only viable option. But before you go through this, you should try exercises that can support your joints better by strengthening your muscles and maintaining flexibility. Also, with enough rest and a healthy diet, you can deal with rheumatoid arthritis better. A rheumatologist children’s hospital will be able to let you know more about the treatment options.

Are there any long-term effects of rheumatoid arthritis?

If you don’t get your child the right treatment, it can have serious long-term effects. The joints can get stiff and painful, to a point where it is impossible to use them. It can even affect internal organs causing inflammation of skin, eyes, lungs, and heart. The best way to avoid this is seeking treatment as soon as possible. Apart from this, you also need to eat a healthy diet, do joint-friendly exercises, and manage a healthy weight.

What is the best cure for rheumatic disorders?

The first and one of the most important steps for treating the pediatric rheumatic disease is getting a correct diagnosis. Now, the diagnostic process is not easy for rheumatic disorders. There is not a single blood test that can confirm the presence of the condition. For diagnosing children, a pediatric rheumatologist will need his/her medical history along with a detailed physical examination. Then, depending on the suspected rheumatic disease, the doctor will suggest specific tests.

Unfortunately, for pediatric rheumatic diseases, there is no cure. However, you can get remission for your kid if you go for early diagnosis as well as aggressive treatment. The aim of the treatment is controlling pain, relieving inflammation, improving the quality of the child's life and hopefully achieving remission. Most treatment plans include physical activities, a combination of medications, eye care, and a healthy diet.

What are some symptoms of rheumatic illnesses?

There can be telltale symptoms for such conditions like pain, redness, joint swelling, and warmth. However, for all children, the symptoms are distinct with their own concerns. Rheumatic diseases usually affect the musculoskeletal system. In this, joint symptoms are just a minor part. These diseases can affect skin, muscles, eyes, and gastrointestinal tract.

What are the different types of rheumatic disorders?

Here are the types of pediatric rheumatic diseases:

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)
This is the most common type of arthritis and has six subtypes: polyarthritis, oligoarthritis, juvenile psoriatic arthritis, systemic enthesitis-related, or undifferentiated.
Juvenile Dermato
This is an inflammatory disease causing weakness in the muscles and a skin rash on the knuckles and the eyelids.
Juvenile Lupus
Lupus is an immune system disease which can affect the skin, joints, blood, kidneys, and other body parts. The most common form of lupus is systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
Juvenile Scleroderma
Scleroderma means hard skin. This is a condition where skin gets hardened and tightened.
Kawasaki disease
In this condition, the blood vessel gets inflamed leading to heart complications.
This is an arthritis-related condition with chronic pain syndrome. Most common in girls, it can result in aching, stiffness, disrupted sleep, fatigue, and other symptoms. In some cases, this condition can be diagnosed before puberty.

What is the cause of pediatric rheumatic disorders?

The cause for pediatric rheumatoid diseases is still unknown. There is no evidence that suggests that any food, toxins, or allergies can result in the development of this disease. There has been some research that shows that genetic predisposition can be the cause of rheumatic disorders in kids. This means that if a child receives a certain gene combination from his or her parents, certain factors can trigger the onset of pediatric rheumatic diseases.