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Pediatric Infectious Disease

Pediatric Infectious Disease

Pediatrics Infectious Diseases is the area that deals with most commonly observed infectious diseases in children like bone infections, blood infections, tuberculosis, gonococcal infections, syphilis, eczema and pneumonia. But because of improvements in medicine, immunizations, and cleanliness standards, it is now much simpler to prevent infectious diseases.

We provide immunisation and treatment for infectious diseases at Rainbow Children's Hospital. With the help of latest advancements, better vaccinations, and improved hygiene practices, prevention of infectious diseases have become much easier for the diagnosis and treatment of infections, our hospital is committed to offering the highest quality care available.

Outpatient Consultation
- Fever Clinic
- Prolonged fever, PUO (pyrexia of unknown origin)
- Recurrent fever
- Patient falling sick frequently

Immunocompromised Host Infection Clinic
- Infection in patients with malignancies, immunodeficiency, & on immune modulator medications
- Pre-transplant evaluation including the need for appropriate immunization for the patient and family members, counseling regarding pets, etc.
- Infections related to solid organ & stem cell transplant

Infection Clinic
- Recurrent infections of ear, throat, skin (MRSA), lungs, etc.
- Recurrent cough, vomiting, diarrhea
- Recurrent infections and poor growth- concern for Immune Disorders
- Complicated bone and joint infections (septic arthritis, osteomyelitis)
- Concerns for TB (MDR, XDR) and HIV
- Complicated Dengue, Malaria (cerebral), Flu, Chikungunya
- Infection-related to lungs (pneumonia), heart (endocarditis, pericarditis), GI, kidney (complicated/recurrent UTI, renal abscess), brain (meningoencephalitis including HSV)
- Post-exposure care for an animal bite, HIV exposure, Hepatitis B exposure, etc.
- Newborn infections: meningitis, CMV (congenital/acquired), HSV etc
- Complicated infections by multiple drug-resistant organisms including ESBL, NDM, MRSA etc

Travel Medicine Clinic
Vaccinations and preventive care counseling as well as documentation for people travelling outside India for vacation or higher studies.

Inpatient Consultation
Complicated and multiple drug resistance organism related infections in the following settings:
- Critical care units: PICU, NICU
- General pediatric
- Kawasaki Disease (recurrent/recalcitrant)
- Surgical branches including
- General Surgery
- Orthopedics (osteomyelitis, septic arthritis)
- Urology, Neurosurgery (VP shunt infections), ENT (AOM, chronic sinusitis, mastoiditis, MOTT infections), - Ophthalmology (orbital cellulitis, endophthalmitis) including post-op infections.
- Immunocompromised host with opportunistic infections including hematology-oncology and transplant patients.
- Newborn Infections (Bacterial, CMV, Toxoplasma, Rubella, HSV etc)
- Secondary HLH (hemophagocytic lymphocytosis)

Key Highlights




Sleep problems in children: Tips to promote good sleep hygiene

Dr Naveen Saradhi Pillarisetti


Rainbow Children's Hospital, RCHI Banjara Hills


What is Autism Spectrum Disorder and how is it diagnosed?

Dr. Pratima Giri


Rainbow Children's Hospital, Banjara Hills


Newborns sleep and sleep deprived parents

Dr Shobana Rajendran

Senior Consultant - Neonatology

Rainbow Children's Hospital, Chennai



Should you Worry about Prolonged or Recurrent Fever in Children?

Bangalore Times


Dr. Siva Narayan Reddy Article on Itching & Infection in Children | Rainbow Hospital



Leading Pediatric Infectious Disease Hospitals

What are the different infectious diseases in children?

Below are the different infectious diseases in children:

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Antibiotic-resistant infections like Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
Blood infections
Bone and joint infections
Cancer-related infections
Congenital infections
E. Coli and other contaminated water and food infection
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Parasitic infections like lice, scabies, and intestinal parasites
Perinatal infections
Pet-related illnesses like rabies, cat-scratch fever, and trichinosis
Respiratory infections like flu, pneumonia, etc.
Staphylococcus Aureus infections (Staph infections)
Tick-borne illnesses like Rocky Mountain spotted fever and Lyme disease
Tropical diseases like dengue fever, Zika virus, and malaria
Tuberculosis (TB)
Unclear illnesses causing recurrent, prolonged fever
Urinary tract infections
Whooping cough

What are some examples of interventions by the Travel Medicine Clinic?

People traveling for Haj require a vaccine to protect them from serious brain infection (meningococcal vaccine), which we counsel about and provide timely

Provide students applying to universities in America, UK or other countries- proper immunization record and blood levels (titers), as well as TB screening test.

A family is traveling to Indonesia for outdoor activities like hiking, etc-Family may benefit from Japanese Encephalitis vaccine to avoid a severe brain infection caused by this virus.

Adults from India are visiting a newborn in another country- Pertussis vaccine four weeks before travel to avoid risk for the newborn to get pertussis/whooping cough.

Prophylaxis for Traveler’s diarrhea and like.

Expectant mother or father traveling to Zika Endemic region- Family may benefit from comprehensive counseling regarding precautions to avoid infection in the mother and her fetus.