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About Service
What is the neonatal intensive care unit?

The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a specialized unit and is meant for newborn babies who need intensive medical attention. The NICU uses a combination of sophisticated technology and highly trained medical staff to provide specialized care for the tiny patients. NICUs also generally have a continuing care area for babies who are not very ill or in life-threatening situations, but do need specialized nursing care.

What to expect when your child is admitted in our NICU?

Please stay in touch with your child's treating consultant to know exact status of your child's medical condition. Our nurse will explain to you about hand washing and other aspects of infection control, please comply with those instructions. The treating consultant would guide you with regard to your new born’s feeding requirements.

Which factors are responsible for a baby being at high risk?

The following factors place a baby at high risk and increase its chances of being admitted to the NICU. However, please remember each baby must be evaluated individually by the specialist to determine the need for admission.

Some high-risk factors include the following: Maternal Factors


Mother’s age either younger than 16 or older than 40 years

Diabetes or high blood pressure


Sexually transmitted diseases

Multiple pregnancy such as twins, triplets, or more

Too little or too much amniotic fluid

Premature rupture of membranes

Delivery Factors


Fetal distress or changes in organ systems due to lack of oxygen

Breech delivery presentation (buttocks delivered first) or other abnormal presentation

Cord around the baby's neck

Forceps or cesarean delivery

Baby Factors

Birth at gestational age less than 37 weeks or more than 42 weeks

Birth weight less than 2.5 kg or over 4 kg

Small for gestational age

Medication or resuscitation in the delivery room

Birth defects

Respiratory problems including rapid breathing, grunting, or stopping breathing


Low blood sugar

Need for extra oxygen or monitoring, intravenous therapy, or medications

Special treatment or procedures such as a blood transfusion

Did you know these interesting facts about neonates?

Newborn babies sleep for 18-22 hours a day.

The first stool that the babies pass is black. It takes about 5-6 days for stools to turn yellow.

The umbilical cord falls in about 7-10 days.

The greenish black patches on the babies back and legs are called Mongolian blue spots which are not permanent birth marks and will fade away within a year.

If your baby’s hands and feet appear yellowish, you should see your doctor immediately.

It is very common that babies strain when they pass stools and it does not mean that they are in pain.

BCG nodule appears 6-8weeks after the vaccination and usually does not need any special attention.