The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a specialized unit and is meant for newborn babies who need intensive medical attention. The NICU uses a combination of sophisticated technology and highly trained medical staff to provide specialized care for the tiny patients. NICUs also generally have a continuing care area for babies who are not very ill or in life-threatening situations, but do need specialized nursing care.
Please stay in touch with your child's treating consultant to know exact status of your child's medical condition. Our nurse will explain to you about hand washing and other aspects of infection control, please comply with those instructions. The treating consultant would guide you with regard to your new born’s feeding requirements.
The following factors place a baby at high risk and increase its chances of being admitted to the NICU. However, please remember each baby must be evaluated individually by the specialist to determine the need for admission.
Some high-risk factors include the following: Maternal Factors
Mother’s age either younger than 16 or older than 40 years
Diabetes or high blood pressure
Sexually transmitted diseases
Multiple pregnancy such as twins, triplets, or more
Too little or too much amniotic fluid
Premature rupture of membranes
Fetal distress or changes in organ systems due to lack of oxygen
Breech delivery presentation (buttocks delivered first) or other abnormal presentation
Cord around the baby's neck
Forceps or cesarean delivery
Birth at gestational age less than 37 weeks or more than 42 weeks
Birth weight less than 2.5 kg or over 4 kg
Small for gestational age
Medication or resuscitation in the delivery room
Respiratory problems including rapid breathing, grunting, or stopping breathing
Low blood sugar
Need for extra oxygen or monitoring, intravenous therapy, or medications
Special treatment or procedures such as a blood transfusion
Newborn babies sleep for 18-22 hours a day.
The first stool that the babies pass is black. It takes about 5-6 days for stools to turn yellow.
The umbilical cord falls in about 7-10 days.
The greenish black patches on the babies back and legs are called Mongolian blue spots which are not permanent birth marks and will fade away within a year.
If your baby’s hands and feet appear yellowish, you should see your doctor immediately.
It is very common that babies strain when they pass stools and it does not mean that they are in pain.
BCG nodule appears 6-8weeks after the vaccination and usually does not need any special attention.